Cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness around the world. Thankfully, in Australia, we have very good access to facilities to diagnose and treat cataracts.
In most cases, cataracts form due to the natural ageing of the lens inside the eye that causes it to thicken and become cloudy.
However, cataracts can also be caused by trauma, systemic disease, as a side effect of medications, or as a result of certain eye surgeries.
In most cases, when cataracts are diagnosed by an optometrist, they can be monitored until the condition is more advanced, in which case your optometrist will refer you to an experienced cataract surgeon for an opinion for surgery. Wearing sunglasses is a great way to protect your eyes from cataracts.