Vision and Ageing
As you age, there are changes which can affect your vision. Some of these are a normal part of ageing, others are related to eye diseases that become more common over the age of 40.
- Presbyopia – The normal loss of ability to see close objects or small print with age. This is easily corrected with spectacles.
- Dry eyes – The tear glands are not producing enough tears or the quality of the tears are poor.Common symptoms are tearing, blurry vision, burning, grittiness. This is usually managed with eye drops.
- Cataracts- The ageing and clouding of the lens in the eye, which causes blurry vision. Cataracts are common and can be successfully treated with surgery.
- Glaucoma- This is an eye disease where the nerve in the eye is damaged over time. It is commonly hereditary and is sometimes related to high pressures in the eye (although not always). An early diagnosis and treatment can prevent further damage and maintain vision.
- Macular Degeneration- The macular is important for your central vision. Macular degeneration is a hereditary disease where the macular become damaged which can lead to blindness. In some situations there is treatment available to prevent vision loss.
What can you do to prevent and treat eye problems?
- Have your eyes tested regularly to ensure you are achieving optimal vision and that your eyes are healthy.
- Know your family eye history, get an eye test to test for eye diseases that may run in the family.
- Many eye diseases do not have symptoms in early stages. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases lead to a better outcome.
- Be aware of your vision, and do not hesitate to see an optometrist if you notice any changes.